CRY has contributed to the following papers, rx reports, advice abstracts and conference proceedings. All these articles have been authored (or co-authored) by cardiologists, doctors and research fellows working closely with CRY.

Where possible, a link has been provided to the abstract and / or full text of the article. Where no link is available, you may be able to get hold of the article via your nearest public / university library. References are listed by year of publication.

Professor Sanjay Sharma – CRY Consultant Cardiologist

Professor Sanjay SharmaI have been involved with CRY since 1996 and they have facilitated several research projects relating to regional/national British athletes. Most of the work was generated from cardiovascular evaluation of athletes as part of a screening programme aimed to identify disorders capable of causing sudden cardiac death. We evaluated several thousand athletes aged 14-35 years and had many “firsts” in the scientific literature.

 

 

  •  CRY were the first to provide information on the physiological upper limits of cardiac dimensions in adult National British athletes (Published in European Journal of Applied Physiology).
  • CRY were the first organisation ever to characterise cardiac dimensions in a large cohort of adolescent athletes, who are most vulnerable to sudden death during sport from cardiomyopathy. Landmark studies in the Journal of American College of Cardiology and Heart are the main international studies on this subject.
  • CRY wrote the first paper on ECG changes in adolescent athletes (1000 athletes studied) which was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine and is a blueprint for the European Society of Sports Cardiology.
  • CRY have performed the only study on cardiovascular adaptation in athletes of West African origin. The results show that ECGs in black athletes are quite different to those in white athletes and could be mistaken for serious cardiac disorder.
  • CRY are the first organisation to state the prevalence and significance of an isolated long QT interval in elite athletes. This study has called for revision of consensus guidelines published by the American College of Cardiology.
  • CRY is the first to describe the prevalence of HCM in elite athletes.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Consensus Statement on Periodic Health Evaluation of Elite Athletes

March 2009

The scope of the cardiovascular PHE is to detect potentially lethal cardiovascular disease in elite athletes and start appropriate management to reduce the risk for sudden cardiac death and/or disease progression in a timely fashion.

Research news from the CRY Update magazine

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 69

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 68

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 67

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 66

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 65

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 64

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 63

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 62

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 61

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 60

Research News Part 1 / Par 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 59

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 58

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 57

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 56

Research News – CRY Update magazine, issue 55

Research News Part 1 / Part 2 – CRY Update magazine, issue 54

 

2017

Sudden Cardiac Death in Pre-Excitation and Wolff-Parkinson-White

Gherardo Finocchiaro, Michael Papadakis, Elijah R. Behr, Sanjay Sharma, Mary Sheppard Sudden Cardiac Death in Pre-Excitation and Wolff-Parkinson-White JACC, March …

2016

Circumstances of sudden death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – Dr Gherardo Finocchiaro, ESC Congress 2016

Tweet Pin It Circumstances of sudden death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – Dr Gherardo Finocchiaro, ESC Congress 2016 was last modified: …

Management of young competitive athletes with cardiovascular conditions

Andrew D’Silva, Sanjay Sharma Management of young competitive athletes with cardiovascular conditions BMJ, November 2016 {Abstract} Tweet Pin It Management …

Costs should not stand in way of screening for hidden heart conditions

New research confirms screening IS cost effective and should be made available to ALL teens and young adults The Government …

Ethical considerations for genetic testing in the context of mandated cardiac screening before athletic participation

Magavern EF, Badalato L, Finocchiaro G, Borry P. Ethical considerations for genetic testing in the context of mandated cardiac screening …

Comparison of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Afro-Caribbean versus white patients in the UK

Nabeel Sheikh,Michael Papadakis, Vasileios F Panoulas, Keerthi Prakash, Lynne Millar, Paolo Adami, Abbas Zaidi, Sabiha Gati, Mathew Wilson, Gerald Carr-White, …

Latest research by CRY leads to major advance in the future of heart screening for young people

Published research funded by the charity CRY is improving the way young people are screened and leading to significant cost …

Cost Implications of Using Different ECG Criteria for Screening Young Athletes in the United Kingdom

Harshil Dhutia, Aneil Malhotra, Vincent Gabus, Ahmed Merghani, Gherardo Finocchiaro, Lynne Millar, Rajay Narain, Michael Papadakis, Huseyin Naci, Maite Tome, Sanjay …

Results of a nationally implemented de novo cardiac screening programme in elite rugby players in England

Saqib Ghani, Michael Papadakis, Simon Kemp, Abbas Zaidi, Nabeel Sheikh, Sabiha Gati, Hariharan Raju, Andy Smith, Corin Palmer, John Somauroo, …

The Prevalence and Significance of the Early Repolarization Pattern in Sudden Arrhythmic Death Syndrome Families

Mellor G, Nelson CP, Robb C, Raju H, Wijeyeratne Y, Hengstenberg C, Reinhard W, Papadakis M, Sharma S, Samani NJ, …

Whole exome sequence analysis reveals a homozygous mutation in PNPLA2 as the cause of severe dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to neutral lipid storage disease

M. Muggenthaler, E. Petropoulou, S. Omer, M.A. Simpson, H. Sahak, A. Rice, H. Raju, F.J. Conti, L.R. Bridges, L.J. Anderson, …

Etiology of Sudden Death in Sports

Gherardo Finocchiaro, MD; Michael Papadakis, MBBS, MD; Jan-Lukas Robertus, MD; Harshil Dhutia, MBBS; Alexandros Klavdios Steriotis, MD, PhD; Maite Tome, …

CRY Research Fellow’s paper receives praise from leading cardiologist

CRY research continues to underline the importance of cardiac screening for athletes After a successful three days at the BCS Annual …

Exercise and Inherited Arrhythmias

Christopher C. Cheung, MD, Zachary W.M. Laksman, MD, FRCPC, MSc, Gregory Mellor, MA, MB BChir MRCP, Shubhayan Sanatani, MD, FRCPC, …

The Atlantic Rift: Guidelines for Athletic Screening—Where Should Canada Stand?

Paul Poirier, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA, Sanjay Sharma, BSc(Hons), MD, FRCP(UK), Andrew Pipe, CM, MD, LLD(Hon), DSc(Hon) The Atlantic Rift: …

Interpretation of the Electrocardiogram in Athletes

Keerthi Prakash, BSc(Hons), MBChB, MRCP, Sanjay Sharma, BSc(Hons), MD, FRCP, FESC Interpretation of the Electrocardiogram in Athletes Canadian Journal of …

Do endurance sports affect female hearts differently from male hearts?

Gherardo Finocchiaro & Sanjay Sharma. Do endurance sports affect female hearts differently from male hearts? Future Cardiology, March 2016 {PDF} …

The Safety of Exercise in Individuals With Cardiomyopathy

Finocchiaro G, Sharma S. The Safety of Exercise in Individuals With Cardiomyopathy PubMed, April 2016 {Abstract} Tweet Pin It The …

Impact of Septal Reduction on Left Atrial Size and Diastole in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Finocchiaro G, Haddad F, Kobayashi Y, Lee D, Pavlovic A, Schnittger I, Sinagra G, Magavern E, Myers J, Froelicher V, …

The U-shaped relationship between exercise and cardiac morbidity

Merghani A, Malhotra A, Sharma S. The U-shaped relationship between exercise and cardiac morbidity Pubmed, April 2016 [Abstract] Tweet Pin It …

2015

Exercise-Induced Cardiac Remodelling: Not a Case of One Size Fits All

D’Silva, A., Sharma, S. Exercise-Induced Cardiac Remodelling: Not a Case of One Size Fits All Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, December 2015 …

Athletes with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Malhotra, A., Sharma, S. Athletes with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy European Heart Journal: ElectroPulse, December 2015. {Abstract} Tweet Pin It Athletes with …

Understanding the Mechanism of T-Wave Inversion in Athletes May Be Key to Best Management

Zaidi, A., Sheikh, N., Jongman, J.K., Gati, S., Panoulas, V.F., Carr-White, G., Papadakis, M., Sharma, R., Behr, E.R., Sharma, S. …

T wave inversions in athletes: a variety of scenarios

Stein R, Malhotra A. T wave inversions in athletes: a variety of scenarios Journal of Electrocardiology, March 2015 {Abstract} Tweet …

The hearts of competitive athletes: An up-to-date overview of exercise-induced cardiac adaptations

Dores, H., Freitas, A., Malhotra, A., Mendes, M., Sharma, S. The hearts of competitive athletes: An up-to-date overview of exercise-induced …

Interpreting the Athlete’s EKG: Are All Repolarization Anomalies Created Equal?

Sharma, S., Papadakis, M. Interpreting the Athlete’s EKG: Are All Repolarization Anomalies Created Equal? Circulation, January 2015 {Abstract} Tweet Pin …

Burden of cardiovascular risk in young, apparently healthy individuals in the Indian sub-continent: Time for intervention?

Narain, R., Sharma, S. Burden of cardiovascular risk in young, apparently healthy individuals in the Indian sub-continent: Time for intervention? …

Non-infectious aortitis of the ascending aorta: a histological and clinical correlation of 71 cases including overlap with medial degeneration and atheroma-a challenge for the pathologist

Ryan C, Barbour A, Burke L, Sheppard MN Non-infectious aortitis of the ascending aorta: a histological and clinical correlation of …

Electrocardiographic anterior T-wave inversion in athletes of different ethnicities: differential diagnosis between athlete’s heart and cardiomyopathy

Calore, C., Zorzi, A., Sheikh, N., Nese, A., Facci, M., Malhotra, A., Zaidi, A., Schiavon, M., Pelliccia, A., Sharma, S., …

Short-Term Heparin Kinetics during Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

Gabus V, Rollin A, Maury P, Forclaz A, Pascale P, Dhutia H, Bisch L, Pruvot E Short-Term Heparin Kinetics during …

Playing it safe: exercise and cardiovascular health

Dhutia H, Sharma S Playing it safe: exercise and cardiovascular health The Practitioner, October 2015 {Abstract} Tweet Pin It Playing …

Relationship between echocardiographic right-ventricular dimensions and signal-averaged electrocardiogram abnormalities in endurance athletes

Jongman JK, Zaidi A, Muggenthaler M, Sharma S. Relationship between echocardiographic right-ventricular dimensions and signal-averaged electrocardiogram abnormalities in endurance athletes …

The Electrocardiogram in Highly Trained Athletes

Prakash K, Sharma S The Electrocardiogram in Highly Trained Athletes Clinics in Sports Medicine, July 2015 {Abstract} Tweet Pin It …

The Pathological Disease Spectrum of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) in Sudden Cardiac Death Emphasising Biventricular involvement and Challenges in Diagnosis

Jan Lukas Robertus, Mary N Sheppard, Alice Burrell The Pathological Disease Spectrum of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) in Sudden …

The Cry Sudden Cardiac Death Database. 18 years of Referral for Expert Opinion

Jan Lukas Robertus, Mary N Sheppard The Cry Sudden Cardiac Death Database. 18 years of Referral for Expert Opinion Heart …

Sudden cardiac death with stress and restraint: The association with sudden adult death syndrome, cardiomyopathy and coronary artery disease

Krexi L, Georgiou R, Krexi D, Sheppard MN. Sudden cardiac death with stress and restraint: The association with sudden adult …

Fibrosis, Connexin-43, and Conduction Abnormalities in the Brugada Syndrome

Koonlawee Nademanee,MD, Hariharan Raju, PhD, Sofia V. de Noronha, PhD, Michael Papadakis, MD, Laurence Robinson, MBBS, Stephen Rothery, BSc, Naomasa …

The prevalence and significance of a short QT interval in 18,825 low-risk individuals including athletes

Dhutia H, Malhotra A, Parpia S, Gabus V, Finocchiaro G, Mellor G, Merghani A, Millar L, Narain R, Sheikh N, …

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular remodelling in endurance athletes: Pandora’s box or Achilles’ heel?

Zaidi A, Sharma S. “Arrhythmogenic right ventricular remodelling in endurance athletes: Pandora’s box or Achilles’ heel?” European Heart Journal, August …

Risk Stratification in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Steriotis A, Sharma, S. “Risk Stratification in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy” European Cardiology Review, July 2015 [Abstract] Tweet Pin It Risk Stratification …

Exercise and the heart: the good, the bad, and the ugly

Sharma S, Merghani A, Mont L. “Exercise and the heart: the good, the bad, and the ugly.” European Heart Journal, …

Clinical Profile of Athletes With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Sheikh N, Papadakis M, Schnell F, Panoulas V, Malhotra A, Wilson M, Carré F, Sharma S. “Clinical Profile of Athletes …

Sudden Cardiac Death in Athletes

Andrew D’Silva, illness Michael Papadakis Sudden Cardiac Death in Athletes Radcliffe Cardiology July 2015 [Link] Tweet Pin It Sudden Cardiac …

Clinical Differentiation Between Physiological Remodeling and Arrythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy in Athletes With Marked Electrocardiographic Repolarisation Anomalies

Zaidi, buy A., online Sheikh, N., Jongman, J., Gati, S., Panoulas, V., Carr-White, G., Papadakis, M., Sharma, R., Behr, E., …

2014

CRY Parliamentary Reception 2014

The Terrace Marquee, recipe Westminster – 26th November. Guest of Honour: Lee Mears, former England rugby union international.     …

Cardiac Screening of Young Athletes Prior to Participation in Sports. Difficulties in Detecting the Fatally Flawed Among the Fabulously Fit

Sanjay Sharma, purchase Ahmed Merghani, order Sabiha Gati Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), November 2014 Click here to …

Comparison of ECG Criteria for the Detection of Cardiac Abnormalities in Elite Black and White Athletes

Sheikh, drugs N., viagra 100mg Papadakis, story M., Ghani, S., Zaidi, A., Gati, S., Adami, P., Carre, F., Schnell, F., …

Comparison of three current sets of electrocardiographic interpretation criteria for use in screening athletes

Nathan R Riding, and Nabeel Sheikh, healing Carmen Adamuz, Victoria Watt, Abdulaziz Farooq, Gregory P Whyte, Keith P George, Jonathan …

Calls for wider cardiac screening as new research confirms it’s not just athletes and “sporty” young people at risk

Published papers conclude that sudden arrhythmic death (SADS) is more common ‘at rest’ or whilst sleeping than during excessive exercise …

The prevalence of ECG anomalies in young individuals; Relevance to a nationwide cardiac screening program

Chandra, purchase N., treatment Bastiaenen, R., Papadakis, M., Panoulas, V.F., Ghani, S., Duschl, J., Foldes, D., Raju, H., Osborne, R. …

Interpretation of Repolarisation Changes on a Young Athlete’s ECG

Dr Nabeel Sheikh talk from the European Society of Cardiology Conference 2014. Interpretation of Repolarisation Changes on a Young Athlete’s ECG.   …

Impact of ethnicity on cardiac adaptation to exercise

Sheikh, order N. and Sharma, doctor S. “Impact of ethnicity on cardiac adaptation to exercise.” Nature Reviews, Cardiology February 2014 [Abstract] …

2013

Physiological Right Ventricular Adaptation in Elite Athletes of African and Afro-Caribbean Origin

Zaidi, sickness A., health Ghani, S., Sharma, R., Oxborough, D., Panoulas, V.F., Sheikh, N., Gati, S., Papadakis, M. and Sharma, …

Increased left ventricular trabeculation in highly trained athletes: do we need more stringent criteria for the diagnosis of left ventricular non-compaction in athletes?

Gati, here S., and Chandra, N., Bennett, R.L., Reed, M., Kervio, G., Panoulas, V.F., Ghani, S., Sheikh, N., Zaidi, A., …

Clinical significance of electrocardiographic right ventricular hypertrophy in athletes: comparison with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and pulmonary hypertension

Zaidi, purchase A., see Ghani, ampoule S., Sheikh, N., Gati, S., Bastiaenen, R., Madden, B., Papadakis, M., Raju, H., Reed, …

The importance of specialist cardiac histopathological examination in the investigation of young sudden cardiac deaths

de Noronha, ampoule S.V., ailment Behr, cialis E.R., Papadakis, M., Ohta-Ogo, K., Banya, W., Wells, J., Cox, S., Cox, A., …

Increased left ventricular trabeculation in individuals with sickle cell anaemia: Physiology or pathology?

Gati, malady S., price Papadakis, M., Van Niekerk, N., Reed, M., Yeghen, T. and Sharma, S. “Increased left ventricular trabeculation …

Should axis deviation or atrial enlargement be categorised as abnormal in young athletes? The athlete’s electrocardiogram: time for re-appraisal of markers of pathology

Gati, S., Sheikh, N., Ghani, S., Zaidi, A., Wilson, M., Raju, H., Cox, A., Reed, M., Papadakis M. and Sharma, …

A Guideline for the Practice of Echocardiography in the Cardiovascular Screening of Sports Participants: A Joint Policy Statement of the British Society of Echocardiography and Cardiac Risk in the Young

Oxborough, patient D., Zaidi, A., Gati, S., Papadakis, M., Sheikh, N. and Sharma, S. “A Guideline for the Practice of …

Sudden Cardiac Death in Young Athletes: Practical Challenges and Diagnostic Dilemmas

Chandra, see N., Bastiaenen, R., Papadakis, M. and Sharma, S. “Sudden Cardiac Death in Young Athletes: Practical Challenges and Diagnostic …

Cardiac adaptation to exercise in adolescent athletes of African ethnicity: an emergent elite athletic population

Sheikh, health N., viagra 60mg Papadakis, buy M., Carre, F., Kervio, G., Panoulas, V.F., Ghani, S., Zaidi, A., Gati, S., …

Dr Abbas Zaidi

New research highlights risk of ‘false positives’ among black athletes following cardiac testing

Published paper is ‘Editor’s Pick’ in April 30th issue of Circulation; and underlines the need for expert screening and diagnosis …

Exercise and heart disease: from athletes and arrhythmias to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease

Zaidi, view A. and Sharma, S. “Exercise and heart disease: from athletes and arrhythmias to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and congenital heart …

The Echocardiographic Assessment of the Right Ventricle with particular reference to Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy – A Protocol of the British Society of Echocardiography

Oxborough, viagra 60mg D., shop Zaidi, drugs A., Sharma, S. and Somauroo, J. “The Echocardiographic Assessment of the Right Ventricle …

Unravelling the grey zone: cardiac MRI volume to wall mass ratio to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the athlete’s heart

Luijkx, T., Cramer, M.J., Buckens, C.F., Zaidi, A., Rienks, R., Mosterd, A., Prakken, N.H.J., Dijkman, B., Mali, W., and Velthuis, …

Reduced mortality in former Tour de France participants: the benefits from intensive exercise or a select genetic tour de force?

Zaidi, remedy A. and Sharma, and S.“Reduced mortality in former Tour de France participants: the benefits from intensive exercise or …

CRY Research Fellow Dr Sabiha Gati wins award at EuroPRevent 2013

18th – 20th April 2013 We are delighted to report that CRY Research Fellow Dr Sabiha Gati won the Judges’ …

Recurrent repolarisation abnormalities in an athlete

Jongman, store J.K., thumb Sheikh, N., Zaidi, A. and Sharma, S. “Recurrent repolarisation abnormalities in an athlete.” Netherlands Heart Journal November …

Support for inclusion of electrocardiography in addition to the Health Questionnaire and Physical Examination in athletic screening protocols for diagnosis of unsuspected hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Sheikh, unhealthy N., Cox, A. and Sharma, S. “Support for inclusion of electrocardiography in addition to the Health Questionnaire and …

Familial cardiological evaluation in sudden arrhythmic death syndrome: essential but challenging

Wong, see L.C.H. and Behr, sickness E.R. “Familial cardiological evaluation in sudden arrhythmic death syndrome: essential but challenging.” Europace March 2013  [Abstract] …

Picture Quiz: A young athlete with bradycardia

Sheikh, order N. and Sharma, cialis S. “Picture Quiz: A young athlete with bradycardia.” British Medical Journal July 2013  [Extract] Tweet …

A silent cause of sudden cardiac death especially in sport: congenital coronary artery anomalies

Hill, buy cialis S.F. and Sheppard, M.N. “A silent cause of sudden cardiac death especially in sport: congenital coronary artery …

Our Studies Have Comprehensively Characterised the Spectrum of Electrical and Structural Changes in Black Athletes, and Our Data Are Beginning to Inform Major Guidelines in Sports Cardiology

Sharma, ambulance S. “Our Studies Have Comprehensively Characterised the Spectrum of Electrical and Structural Changes in Black Athletes, thumb and …

Require Young Athletes to Undergo Cardiac Screening before Participation in Sports

Sharma, S. “Require Young Athletes to Undergo Cardiac Screening before Participation in Sports.” (in ‘Clinical Decisions – Cardiac Screening before Participation …

2012

Impact of ethnicity upon cardiovascular adaptation in competitive athletes: relevance to preparticipation screening

Papadakis, no rx M., cialis Wilson, M.G., Ghani, S., Kervio, G., Carré, F. and Sharma, S. “Impact of ethnicity upon …

Position paper: proposal for a core curriculum for a European Sports Cardiology qualification

Heidbuchel, vcialis 40mg H., viagra Papadakis, M., Panhuyzen-Goedkoop, N., Carre, F., Dugmore, D., Mellwig, K., Rasmusen, H.K., Solberg, E.E., Borjesson, …

Characterization of early repolarization during ajmaline provocation and exercise tolerance testing

Bastiaenen, viagra order R., ailment Raju, H., Sharma, S., Papadakis, M., Chandra, N., Muggenthaler, M., Govindan, M., Batchvarov, V.N. and …

Cardiac adaptation in athletes of black ethnicity: differentiating pathology from physiology

Chandra, see N., healing Papadakis, here M. and Sharma, S. “Cardiac adaptation in athletes of black ethnicity: differentiating pathology from …

“Pre-participation cardiovascular screening in athletes: when and how?”

Ghani, unhealthy S. and Sharma, here S. “Pre-participation cardiovascular screening in athletes: when and how?” (Review article) Cardiovascular Medicine 2012 Vol.15, No.1, …

Electrocardiographic changes in an athlete before and after detraining

Ghani, try S. and Sharma, buy S. “Electrocardiographic changes in an athlete before and after detraining” BMJ Case Reports 2012 [Full Text] …

Point/Mandatory ECG screening of young competitive athletes

Sharma, cialis remedy S. “Point/Mandatory ECG screening of young competitive athletes.” Heart Rhythm October 2012 Vol.9, No.10, p1642-1645 Tweet Pin It …

Peripheral vascular structure and function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Rowley, viagra N.J., prostate Green, viagra 40mg D.J., George, K., Thijssen, D.H.J., Oxborough, D., Sharma, S., Somauroo, J.D., Jones, J., …

Emergency cardiac care in the athletic setting: from schools to the Olympics

Toresdahl, viagra B., no rx Courson, R., Börjesson, M., Sharma, S. and Drezner, J. “Emergency cardiac care in the athletic …

Significance of deep T-wave inversions in asymptomatic athletes with normal cardiovascular examinations: practical solutions for managing the diagnostic conundrum

Wilson, M.G., Sharma, S., Carré, F., Charron, P., Richard, P., O’Hanlon, R., Prasad, S.K., Heidbuchel, H., Brugada, J., Salah, O., …

Ethnic differences in ventricular hypertrabeculation on cardiac MRI in elite football players

Luijkx, view T., buy cialis Cramer, M.J., Zaidi, A., Rienks, R., Senden, P.J., Sharma, S., van Hellemondt, F.J., Buckens, C.F., …

CRY Research Fellow Dr Saqib Ghani wins award at EuroPRevent 2012

We are delighted to report that CRY Research Fellow Dr Saqib Ghani won the Judges’ Choice award at the EuroPRevent …

2011

Controversies relating to pre-participation cardiovascular screening in young athletes: Time for a realistic solution?

Papadakis, health M., Chandra, N. and Sharma, S. “Controversies relating to pre-participation cardiovascular screening in young athletes: Time for a …

Cardiac arrest in the young: rare but possible

Mallon, G. “Cardiac arrest in the young: rare but possible.” Journal of Paramedic Practice 2011 Vol.3, medical No.4, troche p162-164  [Full Text] …

The prevalence, distribution, and clinical outcomes of electrocardiographic repolarization patterns in male athletes of African/Afro-Caribbean origin

Papadakis, decease M., no rx Carre, salve F., Kervio, G., Rawlins, J., Panoulas, V.F., Chandra, N., Basavarajaiah, S., Carby, L., …

Low Prevalence of Risk Markers in Cases of Sudden Death Due to Brugada Syndrome: Relevance to Risk Stratification in Brugada Syndrome

Raju, H., Papadakis, M., Govindan, M., Bastiaenen, R., Chandra, N., O’Sullivan, A., Baines, G., Sharma, S. and Behr, E.R. “Low …

Brugada syndrome and atrial fibrillation: pathophysiology and genetics

Muggenthaler, story M. and Behr, view E.R. “Brugada syndrome and atrial fibrillation: pathophysiology and genetics.” Europace July 2011 Vol.13, No.7, p913-915  [Full …

ESC criteria for ECG interpretation in athletes: better but not perfect

Sharma, healing S., store Ghani, discount S. and Papadakis, M. “ESC criteria for ECG interpretation in athletes: better but not …

Role of Automated External Defibrillators (AED) in Sports

Ghani, price stuff S. and Sharma, S. “Role of Automated External Defibrillators (AED) in Sports.” Book chapter in Cardiac Defibrillation – …

Overview of sudden cardiac death in young athletes

Sheikh, order N. and Sharma, physician S. “Overview of sudden cardiac death in young athletes.” The Physician and Sportsmedicine November 2011 …

Inherited cardiomyopathies

Raju, pharmacy H., medical Alberg, mind C., Sagoo, G.S., Burton, H. and Behr, E.R. “Inherited cardiomyopathies” British Medical Journal 2011  [Full Text] …

A Case of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy

Muggenthaler, healing M. and Behr, malady E.R. “A Case of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy.” (book chapter) In Challenging Cases in Clinical Cardiology, …

The athlete’s heart

Zaidi, A. and Sharma, S. “The athlete’s heart” British Journal of Hospital Medicine May 2011 Vol.27, No.5, p275-281 [Abstract] Tweet Pin It …

Chest pain – troponin and athletes

Dr Abbas Zaidi, cialis CRY Research Fellow, advice highlights the importance of expertise in Sports Cardiology in a debate in …

Exercise-induced arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: fact or fallacy?

Sharma, sick S. and Zaidi, malady A. “Exercise-induced arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: fact or fallacy?” European Heart Journal December 2011 [Extract] Tweet …

2010

Chronic ultra-endurance exercise: implications in arrhythmogenic substrates in previously normal hearts

Sharma, check S., patient Papadakis, online M. and Whyte, G. “Chronic ultra-endurance exercise: implications in arrhythmogenic substrates in previously normal …

Sudden cardiac death

Papadakis, salve M. and Sharma, cialis S. “Sudden cardiac death.” Medicine 2010 Vol.38, p502-506  [Abstract] Tweet Pin It Sudden cardiac death was …

Ethnic Differences in Physiological Cardiac Adaptation to Intense Physical Exercise in Highly Trained Female Athletes

Rawlins, illness J., viagra sale Carre, F., Kervio, G., Papadakis, M., Chandra, N., Edwards, C., Whyte, G.P. and Sharma, S. …

Preparticipation screening of young competitive athletes for cardiovascular disorders

Chandra, thumb N., look Papadakis, M. and Sharma, S. “Preparticipation screening of young competitive athletes for cardiovascular disorders.” The Physician …

2009

Aetiology of sudden cardiac death in athletes in the United Kingdom: a pathological study

de Noronha, viagra sale S.V., discount Sharma, S., Papadakis, M., Desai, S., Whyte, G. and Sheppard, M.N. “Aetiology of sudden …

The magnitude of sudden cardiac death in the young: a death certificate-based review in England and Wales

Papadakis, healing ed M., hospital Sharma, S., Cox, S., Sheppard, M.N., Panoulas, V.F. and Behr, E.R. “The magnitude of sudden …

Electrocardiographic screening in athletes: the time is now for universal screening

Papadakis, capsule M. and Sharma, online S. “Electrocardiographic screening in athletes: the time is now for universal screening.” British Journal …

Prevalence and significance of T-wave inversions in predominantly Caucasian adolescent athletes

Papadakis, vialis 40mg M., view Basavarajaiah, unhealthy S., Rawlins, J., Edwards, C., Makan, J., Firoozi, S., Carby, L. and Sharma, …

Unmasking of the Brugada phenotype during exercise testing and its association with ventricular arrhythmia on the recovery phase

Papadakis, sale buy M., remedy Petzer, E. and Sharma, S. “Unmasking of the Brugada phenotype during exercise testing and its …

2008

Efficacy of personal symptom and family history questionnaires when screening for inherited cardiac pathologies: the role of electrocardiography

Wilson, hospital M.G., Basavarajaiah, S., Whyte, G.P., Cox, S., Loosemore, M. and Sharma, S. “Efficacy of personal symptom and family …

Post-mortem evidence of idiopathic left ventricular hypertrophy and idiopathic interstitial myocardial fibrosis: is exercise the cause?

Whyte, G., Sheppard, M., George, K., Shave, R., Wilson, M., Prasad, S., O’Hanlon, R. and Sharma, S. “Post-mortem evidence of …

Differentiation of RVOT-VT and ARVC in an elite athlete

Whyte, G.P., Stephens, N., Senior, R., Peters, N., O’Hanlon, R. and Sharma, S. “Differentiation of RVOT-VT and ARVC in an …

Prevalence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in highly trained athletes: relevance to pre-participation screening

Basavarajaiah, no rx S., salve Wilson, M., Whyte, G., Shah, A., McKenna, W. and Sharma, S. “Prevalence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy …

Ethnic differences in left ventricular remodeling in highly-trained athletes relevance to differentiating physiologic left ventricular hypertrophy from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Basavarajaiah, store S., pill Boraita, A., Whyte, G., Wilson, M., Carby, L., Shah, A. and Sharma, S. “Ethnic differences in …

Preparticipation screening for cardiovascular abnormalities in young competitive athletes

Papadakis, here M., viagra Whyte, no rx G. and Sharma, S. “Preparticipation screening for cardiovascular abnormalities in young competitive athletes.” …

2007

Treat the patient not the blood test: the implications of an increase in cardiac troponin after prolonged endurance exercise

Whyte, illness G., Stephens, N., Senior, R., George, K., Shave, R., Wilson, M. and Sharma, S. “Treat the patient not …

Arrhythmias and the athlete: mechanisms and clinical significance

Whyte, vialis 40mg G.P., pill Sheppard, ask M., George, K.P., Shave, R.E., Wilson, M., Stephens, N., Senior, R. and Sharma, …

Prevalence and significance of an isolated long QT interval in elite athletes

Basavarajaiah, decease S., find Wilson, cialis M., Whyte, G., Shah, A., Behr, E. and Sharma, S. “Prevalence and significance of …

Physiological upper limits of left ventricular dimensions in highly trained junior tennis players

Basavarajaiah, recipe S., tadalafil Wilson, M., Naghavi, R., Whyte, G., Turner, M. and Sharma, S. “Physiological upper limits of left …

2006

Physiological upper limits of left atrial diameter in highly trained adolescent athletes

Basavarajaiah, buy S., stuff Makan, sales J., Reza Naghavi, S.H., Whyte, G., Gati, S. and Sharma, S. “Physiological upper limits …

Physiological left ventricular hypertrophy or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an elite adolescent athlete: role of detraining in resolving the clinical dilemma

Basavarajaiah, vialis 40mg S., cialis Wilson, site M., Junagde, S., Jackson, G., Whyte, G., Sharma, S. and Roberts, W.O. “Physiological …

2005

Physiological upper limits of ventricular cavity size in highly trained adolescent athletes

Makan, story J., advice Sharma, S., Firoozi, S., Whyte, G., Jackson, P.G. and McKenna, W.J. “Physiological upper limits of ventricular …

Athlete’s heart or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Gati, viagra S., Basavarajaiah, S. and Sharma, S. “Athlete’s heart or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?” 4th European Sports Medicine Congress 2005 Tweet Pin …

2004

The upper limit of physiological cardiac hypertrophy in elite male and female athletes: the British experience

Whyte, decease G.P., help George, ailment K., Sharma, S., Firoozi, S., Stephens, N., Senior, R. and McKenna, W.J. “The upper …

Spontaneous atrial fibrillation in a freestyle skier

Whyte, viagra buy G., Stephens, N., Sharma, S., Shave, R.E., Budgett, R. and McKenna, W.J. “Spontaneous atrial fibrillation in a …

Left ventricular morphology and function in female athletes: a meta-analysis

Whyte, patient G., George, K., Nevill, A., Shave, R., Sharma, S. and McKenna, W.J. “Left ventricular morphology and function in …

Exercise induced neurally mediated syncope in an elite rower: a treatment dilemma

Whyte, viagra 40mg G., generic Stephens, sick N., Budgett, R., Sharma, S., Shave, R.E. and McKenna, W.J. “Exercise induced neurally …

2003

Athlete’s heart – effect of age, sex, ethnicity and sporting discipline

Sharma, diagnosis S. “Athlete’s heart – effect of age, drug sex, generic ethnicity and sporting discipline.” Experimental Physiology 2003 Vol.88, p665-669 [Full …

2002

Physiologic limits of left ventricular hypertrophy in elite junior athletes: relevance to differential diagnosis of athlete’s heart from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Sharma, S., Maron, B.J., Whyte, G., Firoozi, S., Elliott, P.M. and McKenna, W.J. “Physiologic limits of left ventricular hypertrophy in …

Sudden death in young athletes: HCM or ARVC?

Firoozi, online S, pill Sharma, pill S., Hamid, M.S. and McKenna, W.J. “Sudden death in young athletes: HCM or ARVC?” …

2001

A meta-analytical examination of the differential cardiac re-modelling and upper normal limits in the athletes heart

Whyte, try G., price Nevill, recipe A., George, K., Shave, R., Sharma, S., and McKenna, W.J. “A meta-analytical examination of …

Physiologic limits of left ventricular hypertrophy in elite junior athletes: relevance to differential diagnosis of athlete’s heart from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Firoozi, S., Sharma, S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P.M. and McKenna, W.J. “Physiologic limits of left ventricular hypertrophy in elite junior …

Sudden death in young athletes

McKenna, advice W.J., Firoozi,S. and Sharma, S. “Sudden death in young athletes.” 11th European Meeting of the French Society of …

Allometric analysis of the association between cardiac dimensions and body size variables in 464 junior athletes

George, cure K., prostate Sharma, S., Batterham, A., Whyte, G. and McKenna, W.J. “Allometric analysis of the association between cardiac …

Defining physiological upper limits for left ventricular cavity size in junior elite athletes

Firoozi, treatment S., salve Sharma, S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P.M. and McKenna, W.J. “Defining physiological upper limits for left ventricular …

What is the significance of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy in junior elite athletes?

Firoozi, generic S., Sharma, S., Elliott, P.M., Whyte, G. and McKenna, W.J. “What is the significance of electrocardiographic left ventricular …

Defining physiological upper limits for left ventricular cavity size in junior elite athletes

Firoozi, drug S., Sharma, S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P.M. and McKenna, W.J. “Defining physiological upper limits for left ventricular cavity …

Assessment of the significance of ECG abnormalities in junior elite athletes

Firoozi, for sale S., medical Sharma, sale S., Varma, C., Virdee, M.S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P.M. and McKenna, W.J. “Assessment …

Peak oxygen consumption measurement differentiates physiological left ventricular hypertrophy in junior athletes from pathological hypertrophy in adolescents with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Firoozi, drug S., hospital Sharma, S., Mist, B., Elliott, P.M., Whyte, G. and McKenna, W.J. “Peak oxygen consumption measurement differentiates …

1999

Exercise gas exchange responses in the differentiation of pathologic and physiologic left ventricular hypertrophy

Whyte, tadalafil G., ailment Sharma, S., George, K. and McKenna, W.J. “Exercise gas exchange responses in the differentiation of pathologic …

Differentiation of Physiological and Pathological Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Using Exercise Gas Exchange Kinetics

Whyte, order G., Sharma, S. and McKenna, W.J. “Differentiation of Physiological and Pathological Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Using Exercise Gas Exchange …

Alterations in cardiac morphology and function in elite multi-disciplinary trained athletes

Whyte, viagra G., here Sharma, ampoule S., George, K. and McKenna, W.J. “Alterations in cardiac morphology and function in elite …

Electrocardiographic changes in 1000 highly trained junior elite athletes

Sharma, seek S., viagra order Whyte, G., Elliot, P., Padula, M., Kaushal, R., Mahon, N. and McKenna, W.J. “Electrocardiographic changes …

The relationship between left ventricular mass and body size in male athletes

George, discount K., sickness Whyte, viagra order G., Batterham, A., Sharma, S. and McKenna, W.J. “The relationship between left ventricular …

Echocardiographic examination of cardiac structure and function in elite cross trained male and female Alpine skiers

George, drugs K.P., ed Gates, case P.E., Whyte, G., Fenoglio, R.A. and Lea, R. “Echocardiographic examination of cardiac structure and …

Scaling cardiac structural data by body dimensions: A review of theory, practice and problems

Batterham, cialis A.M., George, K.P., Whyte, G., Sharma, S. and McKenna, W.J. “Scaling cardiac structural data by body dimensions: A …

1998

Left ventricular morphology and function in elite junior athletes

Whyte, stomach G., ask Sharma, S., McKenna, W.J. and Davies, B. “Left ventricular morphology and function in elite junior athletes.” …

Echocardiographic Findings in Elite Junior Athletes

Sharma, price S., pills Whyte, G., Elliott, P., and McKenna, W.J. “Echocardiographic Findings in Elite Junior Athletes.” Heart 1998 Vol.79 Tweet …

Metabolic exercise testing in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: relation of sub-maximal parameters to clinical presentations

Sharma, order S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P., Prasad, K., Varnava, A. and McKenna, W.J. “Metabolic exercise testing in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: …

Cardiac Dimensions in Junior Athletes

Sharma, viagra S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P. and McKenna, W.J. “Cardiac Dimensions in Junior Athletes.” Proceedings of the European College …

1997

Sudden death from cardiovascular disease in young athletes: fact or fiction?

Sharma, recipe cialis S., Whyte, G. and McKenna, W.J. “Sudden death from cardiovascular disease in young athletes: fact or fiction?” …

Regular endurance training in elite athletes is not associated with abnormal cardiac dimensions

Sharma, look and S., Whyte, G., Elliott, P. and McKenna, W.J. “Regular endurance training in elite athletes is not associated …

The Echocardiographic Assessment of a Young Athlete

McKenna, recipe W.J. and Sharma, cure S. “The Echocardiographic Assessment of a Young Athlete.” Leading Echocardiographer 1997 (September) Issue 1   …

Arrhythmias and Sudden Death in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Primary Prevention, Immediate Evaluation and Management, Long-Term Management, Experimental and Theoretical Developments

McKenna, W.J. and Sharma, S. “Arrhythmias and Sudden Death in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Primary Prevention, Immediate Evaluation and Management, …

1996

Mini-Symposium: Sudden Death in Sport. Prevention of sudden death in young athletes

Sharma, rx salve S. and McKenna, W.J. “Mini-Symposium: Sudden Death in Sport. Prevention of sudden death in young athletes.” Sports …